Aldous Raeburn writes to Edward Hallam,
"Do you remember the Ghirlandajo frescoes in Santa Maria Novella; or the side groups in Andrea's frescos at the Annunziata? Among them, among the beautiful tall women of them, there are, I am sure, noble, freely-poised, suggestive heads like hers--hair, black wavy hair, folded like hers in large simple lines, and faces with the same long, subtle curves."
Birth of the Virgin:
Birth of St. John the Baptist:
Aldous also reports, "I am told that Burne-Jones drew her several times while she was in London, with delight."
Edward Burne-Jones (1833-98) was associated with both the Pre-Raphaelites and the Arts and Crafts movement. The women in his drawings and paintings have traits like those Aldous ascribes to the Renaissance painters: tall and noble, with "long, subtle curves." Some Burne-Jones figures Ward might have had in mind include the following:http://www.warren.org.uk/art/
andThe Golden Stairs
Hampden House, the house upon which Mellor Park was based, as it looks today. When the Wards stayed there in the summer of 1889, the house had fallen into disrepair. See Book I, chapter 3, on the friendship between the real John Hampden and an ancestor of the fictional Marcella.http://www.westberks.demon.co.uk/jhs/biog1.htm
Marcella completes her training in a hospital that Ward calls St. Edward's Hospital, but is probably St. Thomas' Hospital, the hospital where her sister-in-law, Gertrude Ward, was trained.
In London, Marcella lives in a place called "Brown's Buildings." This is probably based on Peabody buildings, a series of model buildings designed to provide housing for the working class. These buildings provided larger, more sanitary accommodation than standard slum housing, but the rent was too high for the poorest urban dwellers. The buildings were frequently criticized for their stark, depressing appearance. The building pictured is in a different region of London than that in which Marcella is said to live, but probably looks much like the building Ward envisioned:
In Book 3, Chapter 10, Aldous comes upon Marcella in a slum district near Drury Lane, described as a "black street." The term "black street" refers to Charles Booth's 1889 map of London, which color coded the streets by the degree of poverty:http://booth.lse.ac.uk/cgi-bin/do.pl?sub=view_booth_and_barth&args=531000,180400,6,large,5
The Fabians (a.k.a. "Venturists," in the novel):http://cepa.newschool.edu/het/schools/fabian.htm
The Game Laws:http://50.1911encyclopedia.org/G/GA/GAME_LAWS.htm