Who:  The Ohio State University at Lima
What: 
Donate Blood at Springfest
When: 
Tuesday May 18, 2004, 10 a.m. - 4 p.m. 
Where: 
OSU Lima campus courtyard 
Contact: 
Call Divya at 419-995-8415
or E-mail at student.activities@lima.ohio-state.edu
 

Save a Life.

Donate Blood at Springfest!

Tuesday May 18th, 2004
10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
In the Courtyard.

To make an appointment Call Divya at 419-995-8415
or E-mail at student.activities@lima.ohio-state.edu

Scheduled Goal is 66
Productive Goal is 50

Why is blood needed?

Blood helps keep the body healthy. Blood carries oxygen and nutrients to all parts of the body, and takes carbon dioxide and other waste products to the lungs, kidneys, and liver for disposal. It fights infections, and helps heal wounds. It is needed to sustain the lives of people whose blood functions have been impaired by injury or illness.

How much blood is needed each year?

U.S. hospitals transfused nearly 14 million units of whole blood and red blood cells to 4.9 million patients in 2001 - that's an average of 38,000 units of blood needed on any given day. Whole blood can be separated into its components red blood cells, plasma, platelets, and cryoprecipitate. The total number of units of all of these components transfused in 2001 was 29 million. And the volume of blood transfused is increasing at the rate of 6% per year.

Who needs blood?

Under normal circumstances, every two seconds someone in America will need a blood transfusion. Blood transfusions are used for trauma victims - due to accidents and burns - heart surgery, organ transplants, women with complications during childbirth, newborns and premature babies, and patients receiving treatment for leukemia, cancer or other diseases, such as sickle cell disease and thalassemia.

What are the components of blood and their use?

The primary components of whole blood are red blood cells, platelets, plasma, and cryoprecipitate.

Blood product

Main uses

Whole blood

Open heart surgery, newborns

Red blood cells

Trauma, anemia, surgery

Platelets

Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy

Fresh frozen plasma

Massive transfusions

Plasma

Burns

Cryoprecipitate

Hemophilia

What blood type is needed most?

All blood types are needed. Common blood types are needed because there are many patients with them. Less common blood types are needed because there are fewer donors to give them. However, people with O- blood are particularly in demand because they are the "universal donor." It means that people of all blood types can receive O- blood safely, so it is used during life-threatening emergencies or when the matching blood type is in short supply. AB types are universal recipients. This relationship is reversed for plasma products. AB type plasma can be transfused to all patients, while O- types are the universal plasma recipients. Therefore, all types are really needed!

Blood Type

Distribution of Blood Type in U.S. Population*

Percent of U.S. Population You Can Receive Red Blood Cells From

Percent of U.S. Population You Can Give Red Blood Cells To

O +

38%

45%

84%

O -

7%

7%

100%

A +

34%

85%

37%

A -

6%

13%

44%

B +

9%

56%

12%

B -

2%

9%

15%

AB +

3%

100%

3%

AB -

1%

16%

4%

Student Activities
066 Galvin Hall
Lima, Ohio
419-995-8414

The Office of External Relations
The Ohio State University at Lima
4240 Campus Drive
Lima, OH  45804
(419) 995-9332
FAX (419) 995-8444